Prevalencia del asma en América Latina. Mirada crítica a partir del ISAAC y otros estudios

Jaime Ocampo, Rodrigo Gaviria, Jorge Sánchez

Resumen


Actualmente el proyecto ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) constituye un acercamiento global para conocer la prevalencia del asma y otras alergias en diferentes latitudes del orbe. Una de las ventajas de este proyecto es que con la misma metodología compara la prevalencia del asma en más de 50 ciudades durante el mismo periodo de tiempo, sin embargo, no ha sido evaluada la reproducibilidad de los resultados, en comparación con los proporcionados por otras investigaciones de prevalencia realizadas en cada región. En esta revisión nos propusimos como objetivo comparar los datos epidemiológicos aportados por el estudio ISAAC con los datos identificados en algunos estudios de cohorte regionales y, mediante una evaluación crítica, resaltar las principales similitudes y analizar las diferencias entre estos datos epidemiológicos.


Palabras clave


Asma; Latinoamérica; ISAAC; Estudios transversales; Estudios epidemiológicos

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v64i2.256

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