Vitaminas antioxidantes en asma

Columba Citlalli Barrera-Mendoza, Francisco Ayala-Mata, Christian Cortés-Rojo, Martha Estrella García-Pérez, Alain Raimundo Rodríguez-Orozco

Resumen


El asma es una enfermedad de etiología desconocida que cursa con inflamación crónica de las vías respiratorias. Las células que median la respuesta inflamatoria generan especies reactivas de oxígeno, que en conjunto con otras especies oxidantes presentes de manera natural en las vías aéreas ocasionan la ruptura del equilibrio redox, generando estrés oxidativo. Se ha propuesto que este puede revertirse mediante la administración de vitaminas antioxidantes como A, C, E y D y de esta forma aliviar, mejorar o proteger a las personas con asma. En esta investigación se revisaron los ensayos observacionales y controlados con placebo relativos al papel de las vitaminas antioxidantes en el curso del asma, publicados entre 1979 y 2016. Los motores de búsqueda fueron Google y Google Scholar; las bases de datos consultadas fueron PubMed y The Cochrane Library. Se encontraron y revisaron 75 artículos relevantes para el tema, de los cuales se concluyó que no está claro si la ingesta de suplementos de estas vitaminas tiene algún efecto clínico benéfico en el control del asma. Son necesarios más ensayos controlados y de mayor duración para elucidar el papel de estos nutrientes en el curso del asma.


Palabras clave


Vitaminas antioxidantes; Asma; Estrés oxidativo

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v65i1.306

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