Vitamina D y alergia respiratoria: estado del arte

Autores/as

  • Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7586-2276
  • Aída Inés López-García Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6737-5566
  • Chrystopherson Gengyny Caballero-López Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9003-3006
  • Juan Jesús Ríos-López Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0769-1575
  • José Sergio Papaqui-Tapia Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4066-5413
  • Elisa Ortega Jordá-Rodríguez Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5728-3644
  • Armando Álvarez-Rivera Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4509-1535
  • Dulce Mariel Ruiz-Sánchez Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2675-7170
  • Edgar Flores-Gonzaga Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7465-9057

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29262/ram.v69iSupl1.1033

Palabras clave:

Vitamina D, colecalciferol, calcitriol, rinitis alérgica, asma al´érgica, suplementación vitamina D, 25- hidroxivitamina D, 1,25-dihidroxivitamina D

Resumen

Cada vez son más los trabajos que analizan la relación de los niveles séricos de vitamina D y el desarrollo de sensibilizaciones y enfermedades alérgicas en los individuos con predisposición genética, así como el impacto de su suplementación. El presente artículo efectúa una revisión de la literatura acerca de este tema. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos, metaanálisis y revisiones sistemáticas consultadas en PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Ovid, Wiley Online Library, Springer, Cochrane y recursos manuales, con las palabras clave: vitamina D, 25 hidroxivitamina D, colecalciferol, asma, rinitis, alergia, 25-OH-D, 1,25 hidroxivitamina D, suplementación. Los resultados muestran una tendencia lineal positiva; sin embargo, algunos difieren. Debemos tener en mente que en los estudios existe heterogeneidad de los grupos poblacionales y los factores asociados, lo que puede modificarlos. Es necesario incrementar las investigaciones para clarificar esta relación y tener intervenciones exitosas desde el abordaje del paciente hasta el fortalecimiento del tratamiento farmacológico e inmunológico de los pacientes alérgicos con estas enfermedades.

Citas

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2022-01-08

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