Algoritmo de tratamiento de la dermatitis atópica en Perú. Consenso de expertos
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Palabras clave

Dermatitis atópica
Consenso de expertos
Tratamiento
Seguimiento

Cómo citar

Algoritmo de tratamiento de la dermatitis atópica en Perú. Consenso de expertos. (2023). Revista Alergia México, 70(3), 167-186. https://doi.org/10.29262/ram.v70i3.1228

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Resumen

Introducción: La dermatitis atópica es una enfermedad crónica, sistémica, reincidente, con manifestaciones dermatológicas, que impone una alta carga a los pacientes, las familias y los sistemas de salud, y tiene repercusión psicológica, social y económica, y en la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Afecta principalmente a la población pediátrica y con menor frecuencia a la adulta. Las manifestaciones clínicas varían según la edad y evolución de la enfermedad, y en la actualidad se dispone de múltiples opciones farmacológicas y no farmacológicas para el tratamiento de los pacientes.

Objetivo: Presentar un algoritmo de tratamiento de la dermatitis atópica, propuesto con una serie de recomendaciones acerca del diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento de los pacientes.

Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un consenso de expertos, utilizando la técnica del grupo nominal. La metodología se desarrolló en 7 fases que incluyeron: planteamiento de las preguntas de investigación, búsqueda de la bibliografía, propuesta inicial de las recomendaciones, elaboración de las recomendaciones finales y del algoritmo de tratamiento con tres ciclos de votación. Se estableció el consenso con un 80% de favorabilidad.

Resultados y conclusiones: El resultado del consenso fue un algoritmo de tratamiento de pacientes con dermatitis atópica leve, moderada-grave, derivado de las recomendaciones de expertos. En el algoritmo se establecen criterios diagnósticos y de tratamiento, y se aportan recomendaciones actualizadas que incluyen las alternativas disponibles en Perú.

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Referencias

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