Guía Mexicana del Asma: GUIMA 2017

Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge Salas-Hernández, Juan Carlos Vázquez-García, Francisco Ignacio Ortiz-Aldana, Margarita Fernández-Vega, Blanca Estela Del Río-Navarro, María del Carmen Cano-Salas, Jorge Agustín Luna-Pech, José Antonio Ortega-Martell, Jade Romero-Lombard, Erika del Carmen López-Estrada, Jimena Villaverde-Rosas, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, Mario Humberto Vargas-Becerra, Martín Bedolla-Barajas, Noel Rodríguez-Pérez, Ambrocio Aguilar-Aranda, Carlos Adrián Jiménez-González, Carlos García-Bolaños, Claudia Garrido-Galindo, David Alejandro Mendoza-Hernández, Enrique Mendoza-López, Gerardo López-Pérez, Guillermo Hideo Wakida-Kuzonoki, Héctor Hernán Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Héctor León-Molina, Héctor Martínez-De la Lanza, Héctor Stone-Aguilar, Javier Gómez-Vera, Jorge Olvera-Salinas, José Joel Oyoqui-Flores, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, José Santos Lozano-Sáenz, Juan Ignacio Salgado-Gama, Marcos Alejandro Jiménez-Chobillon, Martha Angélica García-Avilés, Martha Patricia Guinto-Balanzar, Miguel Alejandro Medina-Ávalos, Robert Camargo-Angeles, Rogelio García-Torrentera, Saraí Toral-Freyre, Gabriel Montes-Narváez, Héctor Solorio-Gómez, Juan Rosas-Peña, Sergio Jesús Romero-Tapia, Adela Reyes-Herrera, Francisco Cuevas-Schacht, Joaquín Esquer-Flores, José Antonio Sacre-Hazouri, Lorenzo Compean-Martínez, Pablo Julián Medina-Sánchez, Sergio Garza-Salinas, Carlos Báez-Loyola, Iraís Romero-Alvarado, José Luis Miguel-Reyes, Laura Elizabeth Huerta-Espinosa, Manuel Ángel Correa-Flores, Ricardo Castro-Martínez

Resumen


Antecedentes: Con el objetivo de unificar el manejo del asma en México se estructuró una guía clínica que conjunta el conocimiento de diversas especialidades y la atención en el primer nivel de contacto. Se seleccionaron 3 guías publicadas en el ámbito internacional para su transculturación.

Métodos: Conforme a la metodología ADAPTE se usó AGREE II después de la búsqueda bibliográfica de guías sobre asma publicadas entre 2007 y 2015. Se fusionó la realidad local con la evidencia de 3/40 mejores guías. El documento inicial fue sometido a la revisión de representantes de 12 sociedades médicas en varias rondas Delphi hasta llegar a la versión final.

Resultados: Las guías base fueron la British Thoracic Society Asthma Guideline 2014, la Global Initiative on Asthma 2015 y la Guía Española del Manejo del Asma 2015. Después de 3 rondas Delphi se desarrolló un documento en el que se consideraron las características de los pacientes según edad, costos de los tratamientos y perfiles de seguridad de los fármacos disponibles en México.

Conclusión: Con la cooperación de neumólogos, alergólogos, otorrinolaringólogos, pediatras y médicos generales se llegó a un consenso basado en evidencia, en el que se incluyeron recomendaciones sobre prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento del asma y sus crisis.


Palabras clave


Guías de práctica clínica; Asma; Crisis asmática; Broncodilatador; Corticosteroide inhalado; Espirometría; Inmunoterapia.

Texto completo:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29262/ram.v64i0.272

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