Guía de dermatitis atópica. Consenso de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia, Asma e Inmunología


  • Jorge Sánchez Universidad de Antioquia, Grupo de Alergología Clínica y Experimental, Medellín
  • Bruno Páez Universidad Estado de Pará, Departamento de Pediatría
  • Alejandra Macías-Weinmann Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González, Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, Monterrey, Nuevo León
  • Carlos Eduardo Olmos-Olmos Cayre, Unidad de Alergia e Inmunología, Bogotá


Palabras clave:

aeroalergeno, atopia, calentamiento global, sensibilización al polen, exacerbación de asma


As in other regions, the incidence of atopic dermatitis in Latin America has been increasing in recent years. Although there are several clinical guidelines, many of their recommendations cannot be universal since they depend on the characteristics of each region. Thus, we decided to create a consensus guideline on atopic dermatitis applicable in Latin America and other tropical regions, taking into account socio-economic, geographical, cultural and health care system characteristics. The Latin American Society of Allergy Asthma and Immunology (SLAAI) conducted a systematic search for articles related to the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of dermatitis using various electronic resources such as Google, Pubmed, EMBASE (Ovid) and Cochrane data base. We have also looked for all published articles in Latin America on the subject using LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences) database. Each section was reviewed by at least two members of the committee, and the final version was subsequently approved by all of them, using the Delphi methodology for consensus building. Afterward, the final document was shared for external evaluation with physicians, specialists (allergists, dermatologists and pediatricians), patients and academic institutions such as universities and scientific societies related to the topic. All recommendations made by these groups were taken into account for the final drafting of the document. There are few original studies conducted in Latin America about dermatitis; however, we were able to create a practical guideline for Latin America taking into account the particularities of the region. Moreover, the integral management was highlighted including many of the recommendations from different participants in the health care of this disease (patients, families, primary care physicians and specialists). This practical guide presents a concise approach to the diagnosis and management of atopic dermatitis that can be helpful for medical staff, patients and their families in Latin America.


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