Reacción tardía a aminopenicilina asociada con infección por el virus del herpes humano 6 que simula síndrome DRESS
Palabras clave:DRESS syndrome, Amoxicillin, Human herpesvirus 6, Eosinophilia
Background: DRESS syndrome (rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms) is an uncommon and severe drug-induced reaction.
Case report: An 8-year-old boy was diagnosed with tonsillopharyngitis, and treatment with amoxicillin was started. One day later, he presented bilateral malar rash which evolved to generalized erythroderma in two days. He was referred to the emergency room and then he was discharged after the treatment with amoxicillin was discontinued. Five days later, he still had fever, progressive facial and acral edema, and ecchymotic lesions. The laboratory studies showed 6220 leukocytes/mm3 (970 eosinophils/mm3). The pharyngeal culture tested positive to human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). The fever, rash and edema disappeared with supportive measures. Based on the results of the allergy tests, a diagnosis of delayed reaction to aminopenicillin associated to HHV-6 mimicking DRESS syndrome was made, with the recommendation to avoid penicillin antibiotics.
Conclusions: The diagnosis of delayed reactions to aminopenicillin and DRESS syndrome requires a high index of suspicion in order to promptly withdraw the offending medication and to avoid delays in the diagnosis.
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