Hipersensibilidad a antibióticos betalactámicos: algoritmos de manejo y desensibilización como alternativa terapéutica vital

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29262/ram.v68i1.892

Palabras clave:

Reacciones de hipersensibilidad, Betalactámicos, Efectos adversos a los medicamentos

Resumen

Las reacciones de hipersensibilidad pueden ser complejas y poner en peligro la vida de los pacientes, más cuando se involucran medicamentos como los antibióticos betalactámicos. A la fecha, se dispone de algoritmos diagnósticos y aplicaciones móviles que facilitan el abordaje clínico, así como pruebas de laboratorio y procedimientos más especializados, como las pruebas cutáneas y de exposición controlada, útiles para la identificación de la sustancia implicada y para la selección de alternativas terapéuticas seguras y efectivas. Desde hace varios años, el procedimiento de desensibilización se ha posicionado como una herramienta vital para el alergólogo clínico y los pacientes, y es clave para mejorar los desenlaces clínicos, tanto la supervivencia como la calidad de vida.

Citas

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Publicado

2021-06-07

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