Factores asociados al tabaquismo en pacientes con asma durante el confinamiento por COVID-19 en una región urbana con cifras elevadas de infecciones por SARS-CoV-2

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29262/ram.v68i4.922

Palabras clave:

Comorbilidad, Asma, Tabaquismo, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2

Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y factores de riesgo asociados al tabaquismo durante el periodo de confinamiento ante la pandemia de COVID-19.

Métodos: Mediante un estudio analítico y transversal se analizaron los datos de 2372 participantes. La recolección de la información se realizó con un cuestionario autoadministrado construido con la herramienta Google Forms, el cual se distribuyó y aplicó a través de correo electrónico y de la plataforma de mensajería privada WhatsApp. La relación entre las variables independientes y la resultante fue determinada a través de regresión logística multivariada.

Resultados: De la población total, 69.3 % fue del sexo femenino, la edad media de 20.11 ± 2.01 años, la prevalencia de asma de 12.2 % y la de tabaquismo activo, de 13.3 %. Una mayor proporción de pacientes con asma fumaba (14.2 versus 13,2 %), en comparación con quienes no padecían asma. La regresión logística multivariante mostró que considerar que COVID-19 no existe y no cumplir con el confinamiento se relacionaron con el tabaquismo en pacientes con asma durante la aplicación del plan de contingencia que representa la pandemia de COVID-19.

Conclusiones: Durante el confinamiento en casa por COVID-19, la prevalencia de tabaquismo es mayor en pacientes con asma comparados con los individuos sin esta enfermedad, los factores que favorecen lo anterior están presentes en el entorno familiar.

Biografía del autor/a

Eliza Mireya Vázquez, Universidad Veracruzana, Facultad de Medicina Campus Minatitlán, Departamento de Investigación, Veracruz

 

 

Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, Unidad Académica Multidisciplinaria Reynosa Aztlán, Tamaulipas

Profesor and researcher of the Universidad Auonoma de Tamaulipas. PhD in sciences. Member of Sistema Nacional de Investigadores

Citas

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Publicado

2021-12-03

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